Reading 2022-04-25


Notes from reading

Bilateral relationship

Canada established diplomatic relations with Vietnam in 1973, opening an Embassy in Hanoi in 1994 and a Consulate General in Ho Chi Minh City in 1995.

Trade relationship

Canada-Vietnam fact sheet by Trade, updated on April 2022.

Vietnam has been Canada’s largest trading partner in the ASEAN region since 2015. In 2020, two-way merchandise trade between Canada and Vietnam totaled $8.9 billion, comprised mainly of imports from Vietnam (approximately 92% of the total). Canada’s merchandise exports to Vietnam in 2020 was valued at approximately $735 million.

On January 10, 2022, Canada and Vietnam established the Canada-Vietnam Joint Economic Committee (JEC).

  • The Canada-Vietnam Joint Economic Committee (JEC) is a non-legally binding mechanism dedicated to advancing trade and economic cooperation between Canada and Vietnam.
  • This mechanism, to be presided at the Deputy Minister level, will provide an ongoing opportunity to discuss current and emerging trade and commercial issues.
  • The JEC is a key contribution to stronger economic and trade ties between Canada and Vietnam, as part of the Comprehensive Partnership.

Trade and investment agreements

Trade and investment agreements involving Canada and Vietnam:

Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA)

The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA; French: Agence des services frontaliers du Canada, ASFC) is a federal law enforcement agency that is responsible for border control (i.e. protection and surveillance), immigration enforcement, and customs services in Canada.

The CBSA is responsible to Parliament through the minister of public safety and emergency preparedness, currently Marco Mendicino, who took office following the 2021 election, and is under the direction of the president of the Canada Border Services Agency, John Ossowski.

The Agency was created on December 12, 2003, by an order-in-council that amalgamated the customs function of the now-defunct Canada Customs and Revenue Agency, the enforcement function of Citizenship and Immigration Canada (now known as Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada), and the port-of-entry examination function of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).

The agency is responsible for providing integrated border services that support national security and public safety priorities and facilitate the free flow of persons and goods, including animals and plants, that meet all requirements under the program legislation.

The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) provides clearance, control and examination services, on behalf of other government departments and agencies, for travellers, importers and exporters, at close to 1,200 points of entry (POE), including land border offices, international mail processing centres, airports, sufferance warehouses, and a number of other service locations.

  1. Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA)
  2. Trade Relationship
  3. Trade and Investment Agreements